Hanoi Strives to Reduce Plastic Use

Hanoi aims to reduce the use of plastic bags in the traditional markets, supermarkets and trade centres to protect environment as well as ensure the sustainability of the ecosystem.

This is the action plan of the Ha Noi People’s Committee that aims to implement the sustainable production and consumption programme by 2020.

The city also plans to increase the percentage of enterprises in industrial parks and complex applying eco-friendly technologies to 60-70 per cent.

Under the plan, Hanoi will raise public awareness on the use of plastics, urge and educate enterprises to trade plastic products and nylon bags for recyclable materials instead.

Most of the city’s markets and supermarkets do not use eco-friendly plastic bags, the Lao Động (Labour) newspaper reported.

Regarding the use of plastic bags and the long-term effects of them, the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment said plastic bag waste has a serious impact on the environment and human health.

Vietnam is among the top five polluting countries worldwide, which together contribute as much as 60 per cent of all plastic waste that enters the world’s seas.

Only two large cities, Hanoi and HCM City discharge about 80 tons of plastic and plastic bags each day, of which most plastic bags are difficult to decompose, according to the ministry.

“If 10 per cent of plastic waste is not recycled, the amount of plastic discharged in the country will reach 2.5 million tonnes per year,” a representative of Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment was quoted by the newspaper as saying.

Traditional, non-biodegradable plastic bags are subject to an environmental tax of VND40,000 (US$1.70) per kg. Tax is set to increase to VND50,000 ($2.10) as of January 1, 2019 while plastic bags are sold at the markets at VND35-40,000 per kg.

Price of plastic bag is equivalent to environmental protection tax, tax loss is clear, the newspaper said.

Legal loopholes have enabled widespread tax evasion that has caused huge financial losses for the State and limited the effectiveness of the tax.

In the respone this plan, MACDI also propagate to MACDI’ staff about this activity and encourage people should stop using plastic bags. In addition, in the all project is being implemented by MACDI, with the main project’s objective, minizing plastic waste consumption and environmental protection target also is one of the important purpose of these project. Thus, we had propagated to all beneficiaries of our projects to join and implement their social responsibilitis.

Micro-finance & Community Development Institute (MACDI)
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